I. Course Design Principles>C. Assessments

I.C.7 Students are encouraged to reflect on their learning in the course.

Values Supported



Student reflection on their own progress is necessary for them to learn higher-order cognitive skills, such as analysis, synthesis and evaluation.

This element supports Transparency and Responsibility, because self-reflection guided by learning objectives for the course improves students’ understanding of course organization and activities, and helps them focus their efforts more effectively. Self-reflection guided by learning objectives makes the progression through the course more explicit, and contributes to Alignment.


It is helpful for students to be able to assess their progress via journaling, self-tests, applying rubrics to own or others’ work, or creating a portfolio. These activities help the students identify gaps in their understanding of the material, and take corrective action if necessary.


Student reflection on their course performance results from the prompt feedback Chickering and Gamson advocate, as well as respecting diverse talents and ways of learning, two of their seven principles of good practice.