I. Course Design Principles>C. Assessments

I.C.2 The grading scheme to be used for any assessment should be transparent to the students. For example, rubrics should be provided for any essays or other open-ended activities.

Values Supported



Rubrics are helpful to both instructors and students. Rubrics help students better understand the values you are bringing to the grading process. They also help students improve performance by stimulating reflection on what they’ve learned and what they need to learn, and to focus their efforts appropriately.

Rubrics make expectations explicit, contributing to Transparency. Rubrics should be designed with the appropriate learning objectives in mind, ensuring that students are assessed on the proper skills, thus contributing to Alignment. And such methods encourage Responsibility, because when expectations are explicit, students can focus their efforts more effectively.


Rubrics help instructors by ensuring consistency in grading. It is difficult for students to challenge grades when rubrics are provided. Some instructor subjectivity can be built into the rubric if appropriate to the discipline.


Rubistar – Rubric maker