I. Course Design Principles>C. Assessments

I.C.3 Assessments are designed to provide effective feedback for students.

Values Supported



Feedback provided to the students should enable them to improve performance on the next assessment.

Feedback helps clarify the expectations for the course, contributing to Transparency. Feedback is a manifestation of the instructor’s influence on the student’s experience of the course, and thus contributes to a sense of Co-presence in the course. Effective feedback affords students opportunities to determine what they know and what they don’t know, and thereby to improve their efforts, and thus contributes to Responsibility.


Two factors are essential to effective feedback: it must be timely, so that students see the relationship between their efforts and the resulting feedback, and it must be frequent enough that students have a reasonable opportunity to improve their efforts for subsequent assessments.


Giving prompt feedback is one of Chickering and Gamson’s seven principles: